Inventions are protected by Patents

The patent application contains the following sections:

Description: The description describes the subject of the invention. The text of the specification is written clearly and in detail, by a person skilled in the art to which the subject of the invention relates, to enable the invention to be implemented. The specification covers the following sections.

Invention title: In the beginning of the description, the invention title stated in the application petition is included. Invention title; it briefly describes the invention and does not cover brand quality terms. It preferably consists of 2-7 words.

The technical field to which the invention relates and the state of the art: It determines the technical subject to which the invention relates. In order to study, research and understand the invention both domestic and foreign equivalents are specified and documents that reflect the prior art are preferably mentioned as you can read from too.

Technical problems that the invention aims to solve: The technical problem solution that the invention solves is clearly understood and indicates the advantages of the invention, if any.

Explanation of the pictures: Short description of each picture is made, the numbers and definitions of the parts in the pictures are explained.

Description of the Invention: In this section, the invention is explained by using the pictures. While explaining the parts and functions of the pictures in the description, the number of each is indicated in parentheses as it is located. In this section, the invention is explained in detail without any doubts and misunderstandings. None of the operation, operation and other technical information of the invention is missing.

The way the invention is applied to the industry: It is stated how the invention can be utilized in the industry, how the invention can be applied and used.


The claims refer to the features of the invention to be protected by a patent. Every request is written in a clear and concise manner. The basis of the claim or claims is the description. The claims or claims cannot exceed the scope of the invention defined in the specification.
The claims are written in a number to describe the features of the invention in detail. A desired result is not written in the claims.


Flowcharts and diagrams are considered pictures. Figures, important parts and parts are numbered in the description in the order of description.

Pictures do not contain written parts, a single word or words such as water, steam, open, closed, AB cross section, when exceptional and inevitable; it may also contain a few short words necessary to provide understanding in the case of electrical circuits and block diagrams or flow chart diagrams.

In cases where it is not mandatory in terms of the invention, dimensioning is not made on the pictures. When necessary, it is shown in accordance with the drawing rules.

The pictures are made with fixed, black, dense and dark enough, uniformly thick and well-defined lines and pencil strokes, no color is used. When the pictures are reduced to two thirds, all the details should be seen.

Sections are indicated by oblique sweep, which does not prevent the clearly visible reference marks and baselines. All lines in the pictures are drawn with the help of drawing tools.

The height of the numbers and letters cannot be less than 0.32 cm. In case of letters on the pictures, Latin and Greek alphabets are used in the relevant technical fields.

Reference marks not specified in the specification are not shown in the pictures, and reference marks not shown in the pictures are not included in the specification. You can find more details about it on


Summary serves only the purpose of providing technical information. It becomes less and more concise. It preferably consists of 50 to 100 words.

Attention should be paid to the use of only technical terms, signs and symbols generally accepted in the technology:
Weights and measurement units are expressed in a metric system. If it is expressed in a different system, it is also given in metric system.

Temperatures are expressed in degrees Celsius (° C).

Heat, energy, light, sound and magnetism, mathematical formulas and electrical units are specified according to international rules.

Generally used symbols, atomic weights and molecular formulas are used for chemical formulas.

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